PARK7, an enzyme involved in the metabolism of sugars,
is inactive in some patients with Parkinson's disease

19/01/2022

Parkinson's disease is a very debilitating disease that has a significant socio-economic impact, but it is still not known what causes it to develop. We have discovered that a familial (inherited?) form of this disease is caused by the lack of destruction of a toxic metabolite formed during sugar degradation. 

Background

• Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease

• We know that specific cells in the brain die, and that specific proteins aggregate (i.e. they are accumulating in an abnormal way)

• We still have no idea why these changes occur

• We do not have any treatment that targets the underlying mechanisms, since we do not understand enough.

• It has long been suspected that the accumulation of damage during a lifetime might contribute to the development of Parkinson's disease. However, it is unclear what these changes might be

 

Specific background:

• In some families, several family members develop Parkinson's disease. Some of these patients have mutations in a gene called  PARK7.

• Although more than 2000 articles have been published on PARK7, its function still remained elusive.

 

Our discovery:

• We have discovered that PARK7 prevents damage caused by a reactive compound that forms in all cells that metabolize sugar. 

• Sugar is broken down in cells in a pathway that is called glycolysis. This pathway is the main pathway that cells use to generate energy.

• Glycolysis consists of a series of chemical reactions that break down sugar (glucose) via several intermediates. One of these intermediates is  spontaneously forms a compound that can damage proteins (i.e. the workhorses of a cell) and metabolites (i.e. small molecules that form when our body breaks down or produces more complex structures).

• PARK7 destroys the reactive compound and thereby prevents the damage.

Why is this relevant

• Up to now we did not know which type of damage causes Parkinson's disease. We have identified the origin of one type of damage that is formed almost universally in all cells, and which can be prevented by the enzyme PARK7. This finding might lead to the development of pharmacological or dietary interventions that help patients with PARK7 defects.

• PARK7 is easily inactivated by oxidative stress that can be caused by a variety of causes (e.g. the exposure to herbicides). This suggests that loss of PARK7 function and accumulation of similar type of damage might be responsible for the formation of Parkinson's disease in a wider range of patients. As a consequence, it is conceivable that the above mentioned pharmacological or dietary interventions might also work for these patients.

• We discovered that a metabolite from glycolysis (i.e. the central way how cells break down sugar) causes damage that likely causes Parkinson's disease. It is quite rare that fundamental aspects of key metabolic pathways are being discovered. It is even rarer that these findings have direct clinical implications for a complex human disease.

• The activity of PARK7 is extremely conserved, given that the inactivation of PARK7 in flies, mice and human cell lines leads to the accumulation of damaged metabolites or proteins. Furthermore, the function of PARK7 in human cells can be replace when we reintroduce related proteins from yeast or bacteria.

 

Artikel over dit onderzoek

Heremans IP, Caligiore F, Gerin I, Bury M, Lutz M, Graff J, Stroobant V, Vertommen D, Teleman AA, Van Schaftingen E & Bommer GT (2022) PNAS 119 (4) e2111338119

 

Financiering

Dit werk werd ondersteund door subsidies van WELBIO (een Waals interuniversitair onderzoeksinstituut), en de "European Research Council" (ERC - project NoMePaCa).

 

In de pers

Nieuwsblad - Wetenschappers UCLouvain vinden verband tussen suikerstofwisseling en ziekte van Parkinson - 17/01/2022

Aba-vba.org - Brusselse onderzoekers ontdekken verband tussen suikermetabolisme en Parkinson - 18/01/2022

mtouch.be - Verband tussen suikermetabolisme en de ziekte van Parkinson - 21/01/2022

TNNonline.nl - Belgische onderzoekers ontdekken mogelijk verband tussen suikerstofwisseling en Parkinson - 17/02/2022

ArtsenKrant.com - Verband tussen PARK7 en ziekte van Parkinson blootgelegd? - 17/03/2022

Ook in HBVL.beKnack.beDeSpecialist.beMedi-Sfeer.beMediQuality.netHeadTopics.com  & TheWorldNews.net

 

RTL.be (+ video) - Santé: des chercheurs belges font un lien entre le sucre et la maladie de Parkinson - 18/01/2022

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BX1.be (+ video) - Des chercheurs bruxellois découvrent un lien entre le métabolisme du sucre et Parkinson - 18/01/2022

RTBF.be - Maladie de Parkinson : une équipe de l’UCLouvain découvre la mécanique de précision derrière certaines formes génétiques - 17/01/2022

LaLibre.be - Maladie de Parkinson: des scientifiques belges font une découverte qui ouvre la voie à de nouveaux traitements - 17/01/2022

LeSoir.be - Une avancée dans la compréhension de la maladie de Parkinson - 17/01/2022

LaGazetteDuLaboratoire.fr - Une équipe UCLouvain découvre un lien entre le métabolisme du sucre et la maladie de Parkinson- 19/01/2022

LeVif.be - Découverte d'un lien entre le métabolisme du sucre et la maladie de Parkinson - 17/01/2022

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UCLouvain.be - Maladie de Parkinson : un pas en avant - 19/01/2022

FNRS.be - Un lien découvert entre la maladie de Parkinson et le métabolisme du sucre - 19/01/2022

DailyScience.be - Sucres et maladie de Parkinson ne font pas bon ménage - 20/01/2022

Welbio.org - Un lien entre le métabolisme du sucre et la maladie de Parkinson - 20/01/2022

LeVif.be - Un traitement contre Parkinson - 9/02/2022

LeJournalDuMedecin.com - Un rôle pour la glycolyse dans la maladie de Parkinson - 24/02/2022

UCLouvain.be - Parkinson : sur la piste du métabolisme des sucres - 23/03/2022

Egalement sur MediQuality.netAba-vba.orgNewsbeezer.com4Suisse.comHeadTopics.comLeSpecialiste.beMedi-Sphere.beMSN.commtouch.beNewsFounded.comNewsWep.comTheWorldNews.net & RTFlash.fr

 

247NewsBulletin.news - Parkinson’s disease: a UCLouvain team discovers the precision mechanics behind certain genetic forms - 17/01/2022

Archyde.com - Parkinson’s disease: Belgian scientists make a discovery that paves the way for new treatments - 17/01/2022

NewsFounded - Belgian researchers have discovered a link between sugar metabolism and Parkinson’s disease - 17/01/2022

DigLogs.com - Belgian researchers discover a link between sugar metabolism and Parkinson’s disease - 18/01/2022

New.in-24.com - Brussels researchers discover a link between sugar metabolism and Parkinson’s - 18/01/2022

MyScience.org - Link between sugar metabolism and Parkinson’s disease - 24/01/2022

MirageNews.com - Team discovers link between sugar metabolism - 24/01/2022

FocusOnBelgium.be - Parkinson's disease is finally better understood - 26/01/2022

Blogtuan.info - Belgian scientists successfully decoded Parkinson’s disease - 10/02/2022

Also in Archyworldys.comArchyde.comAwaniReview.comArchytele.comNewsWep.com & Aba-vba.org

 

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Aba-vba.org - Investigadores de Bruselas descubren un vínculo entre el metabolismo del azúcar y el Parkinson - 18/01/2022

Aba-vba.org - Brüsseler Forscher entdecken einen Zusammenhang zwischen Zuckerstoffwechsel und Parkinson - 18/01/2022

Aba-vba.org - I ricercatori di Bruxelles scoprono un legame tra il metabolismo degli zuccheri e il morbo di Parkinson - 18/01/2022

Aba-vba.org - اكتشف باحثو بروكسل صلة بين استقلاب السكر ومرض باركنسون - 18/01/2022

BaoHaTinh.vn - Các nhà khoa học Bỉ giải mã thành công bệnh Parkinson 11/02/2022

 

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