Jean-François Collet, researcher at the de Duve Institute, UCLouvain, and WELBIO investigator, and his team, have just made a discovery that will benefit scientists all over the world and has a great chance of being recorded in every biochemistry book on the planet!
A little background. Every living cell produces thousands of proteins, which are essential for life. A protein is made as a long filament: in this form, the protein is inactive. To be functional, it must quickly adopt a specific shape: this is called protein folding, because the filament folds into a helix, for example. Some diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease, are linked to problems with protein folding.
Living cells produce chaperones that help proteins to fold quickly and correctly, especially when in danger. One chaperone, GroEL, has been studied extensively around the world and is used as an example of a chaperone in most biology textbooks. The scientific world thought it knew everything about it... until the discovery at UCLouvain: Jean-François Collet's team (Emile Dupuy and Camille Goeman), in collaboration with other colleagues from UCLouvain (Yves Dufrêne), the VUB, the EMBL, the CNRS and the University of Nebraska, discovered that GroEL actually works with a partner, CnoX, to function properly.
In practice, proteins inside the cell have to deal with various, often unexpected, threats. It is as if a person were unexpectedly in the middle of a battlefield, desperately seeking shelter. How do you find the perfect place? Scientists already knew that proteins are not alone in this situation: they have a guardian, GroEL, to protect and shelter them. What Jean-François Collet's team has managed to capture in photographs is the interaction between this guardian GroEL and its hitherto unknown partner CnoX.
What is the point of this unexpected discovery? While it has no direct impact on patients or treatments, it clearly opens a new chapter in the life of GroEL: the revelation of the role of CnoX will allow scientists around the world to better study how proteins survive in the cell, a breakthrough in understanding the mechanisms involved in diseases such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's.
Article describing this research
A molecular device for the redox quality control of GroEL/ES substrates.
Cell (2023) 186(5):1039-1049.e17
In the press
LeSoir.be - Cnox, la nouvelle protéine découverte par des chercheurs belges - 13/03/2023
Actualités UCLouvain - Une découverte majeure dans le fonctionnement des protéines - 14/03/2023
Moustique.be - Alzheimer et Parkinson: l'UCLouvain découvre une protéine qui ouvre de nouvelles perspectives - 14/03/2023
CCIMag.be - UCLouvain : une découverte qui intéressera les scientifiques du monde entier ! - 14/03/2023
RTL.be (video) - Alzheimer et Parkinson: l'UCLouvain découvre une protéine prometteuse - 15/03/2023
EngineeringNet.be - L'UCLouvain fait une découverte qui fera date - 15/03/2023
MediSquare.be - La découverte UCLouvain qui se retrouve dans les livres de biochimie de la planète - 15/03/2023
FNRS.be - La protéine GroEL travaille avec un partenaire, CnoX, pour fonctionner correctement - 15/03/2023
DailyScience.be - GroEL ne fait pas cavalier seul - 6/04/2023
Archyde.com - From the laboratory to the audience: the UCLouvain discovery found in biochemistry books around the world - 17/03/2023
De.dayfr.com - Vom Labor zum Publikum: Die Entdeckung von UCLouvain, die in Biochemiebüchern auf der ganzen Welt zu finden ist - 17/03/2023
It.dayfr.com - Dal laboratorio al pubblico: la scoperta di UCLouvain nei libri di biochimica di tutto il mondo - 17/03/2023