Click ! Bacteria caught in the act

(UCLouvain Press release)

22/06/2020

The resistance of bacteria to antibiotics is a major health problem. The problem ? Bacteria acquire new defense mechanisms to counteract the action of drugs. For several years, the team of Jean-François Collet, professor at the de Duve Institute at UCLouvain, has been interested in this question, and in particular in bacteria surrounded by two membranes (or two surrounding walls).

For a bacterium to survive, it must succeed in building its two surrounding walls and, once assembled, it must protect them from attacks by toxic molecules, including certain antibiotics. Indeed, if one of the walls is damaged, the bacterium dies.

In the outer perimeter wall, there is a particularly important type of guard tower. These towers, called BAM, are essential places for the surveillance, maintenance and protection of fortifications. Several discoveries, including by UCLouvain, have made BAM a prime target for the development of new antibiotics. However, despite the intense work of many university laboratories and pharmaceutical companies, the mode of operation of BAM remains poorly understood, which hinders the development of new antibacterial strategies.

UCLouvain scientists have caught BAM red-handed. The BAM guard towers are compulsory crossing points for all protein soldiers who stand guard on the ramparts as well as for certain protein soldiers who leave the bacterial fortification to patrol the surroundings. The UCLouvain scientists have achieved the feat of obtaining an instantaneous photograph (or three-dimensional structure), which makes it possible to observe BAM in the process of exporting one of the protein soldiers (RcsF) through the outer surrounding wall.

This UCLouvain discovery, published in the prestigious scientific journal Nature Chemical Biology, offers an unprecedented perspective: it provides precious information on the mechanism of bacteria and offers a new angle of attack to take over the BAM watchtowers during antibiotic treatment. In this sense, the discovery of the UCLouvain researchers contributes to the global effort to respond to this growing problem.

 

This research was conducted by an international team from the de Duve Institute of UCLouvain, in collaboration with researchers from the VUB, VIB, CNRS and the University of Leeds.

 

Article describing this research

Structural insight into the formation of lipoprotein-β-barrel complexes

Rodríguez-Alonso R, Létoquart J, Nguyen VS, Louis G, Calabrese AN, Iorga BI, Radford SE, Cho SH, Remaut H, Collet JF

Nat. Chem. Biol. (2020)

 

In the press

MyScience.be - Click... Resistant bacteria caught in the act ! - 22/06/2020

Phys.org - Click... Resistant bacteria caught in the act - 22/06/2020

Corona Covid19 – Corona Click… Resistant bacteria caught in the act  – 22/06/2020

ScienceCodex – Click... Resistant bacteria caught in the act!  – 22/06/2020

 

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RTBF Info – Clic, clac : l'UCLouvain capte l'image d'une protéine-soldat en ordre de bataille – 22/06/2020

L'avenir – Découverte d'une nouvelle fonction de BAM : une piste contre les bactéries – 22/06/2020

DailyScienceBrussels – Résistance bactérienne: les soldats d’E.coli surpris en train de monter au front – 22/06/2020

Sputniknews - Les biologistes trouvent une «brèche» dans la défense des bactéries contre les antibiotiques - 22/06/2020

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Vivre Ici - Clic, clac : l'UCLouvain capte l'image d'une protéine-soldat en ordre de bataille - 22/06/2020

LeSpécialiste - Une découverte faite à l'UCLouvain contribuera à la lutte contre les bactéries résistantes - 23/06/2020

Headtopics.com - Clic, clac : l'UCLouvain capte l'image d'une protéine-soldat en ordre de bataille - 23/06/2020

4suisse – Antibiorésistance : le système de défense des bactéries enfin percé à jour ? – 23/06/2020

Medisquare - Clic… des bactéries résistantes prises sur le fait ! - 23/06/2020

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biotiny.com – Resistente Bakterien auf frischer Tat ertappt! – 24/06/2020

notimérica – Avances en la batalla contra las bacterias resistentes a los antibióticos – 29/06/2020

tekcrispy – Este descubrimiento podría ser crucial en la lucha contra la resistencia bacteriana – 29/06/2020

LaJordana – Captan cómo las bacterias se hacen resistentes a antibióticos – 30/06/2020

 

Funding

The research was funded by the EOS program and WELBIO. The co-first author of the publication, Raquel Rodriguez Alonso, is supported by the European ITN network Train2Target which aims to train a new generation of scientists specializing in the research of new antibiotics.

 

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